With a traditional bone graft, the patient may take several months to heal completely, which delays the dental implant placement. However, with platelet-rich plasma (PRP), the process can progress more efficiently—and effectively. Including PRP with a bone graft can help the patient generate even more supplemental bone material than with a graft alone.
The process of creating PRP involves separating the platelets and plasma from the other cells in the blood. This can be completed right in the oral surgeon’s office, giving the oral surgeon PRP to use right away. PRP requires just a small amount of the patient’s blood, as well.
This treatment option is so useful because platelets play an important role in forming blood clots. Platelets also release growth factors that aid in the healing process and facilitate the generation of new bone tissue. One particular growth factor, bone morphogenic protein, is known specifically to speed up the development of new bone tissue.
PRP offers a number of other benefits to patients, beyond speeding up the healing process after a bone graft. Because the patient’s own blood is being used, the procedure is quite safe. It’s also convenient, as the whole process of obtaining PRP takes place right in the oral surgeon’s office. That aspect of obtaining PRP is also more cost-effective for patients than if they had to go to a hospital to isolate PRP before undergoing oral surgery.
Our oral surgeons may use PRP for clinical purposes other than bone grafts, as well, such as in cases of congenital bone defects or those that occur after the removal of cysts. PRP also can be effective for treating patients with a cleft lip and/or palate.
Most patients will be eligible for PRP treatment, so if you are in need of a bone graft before getting dental implants, ask your oral surgeon if PRP will be beneficial in your case.